The SAMR Model is one of a couple frameworks available to help educators determine the level of integration when utilizing new technology in the classroom. For my own sake, I’ve tended to think as a teacher though I’ve found it helpful to imagine being a school administrator as well. There are levels of integration that may be deemed best by educators, but the reality is that this model is not a one-size-fits-all solution to justifying tech use in the classroom. Let’s examine at least 5 questions that a teacher should ask alongside any model, including SAMR, before integrating tech in the classroom. All of these stem from my research, student interviews, and experiences as an EFL teacher abroad.
1. Where are the students in their personal tech integration?
Imagine teaching students who have historically not been taught at levels where their thinking has been challenged by transformative guidance. Would the students themselves be able to innovate or be okay with copying a worksheet on their iPad? Do the students only take in information without considering how to edit or create new, unheard of things? Do the students know how to connect their use with learning?
2. What is the culture or school culture like in their view of technology?
What is the country’s view on tech in education? How do teachers view technology integration into their teaching and why or why not? What about the school’s perspective? Are there bans on everything and anything? Are any teachers willing to take risks? Do the students hardly use tech at school but then return home and come back to today’s reality? (Side note: I examined this through a Data Story last December on "The Preparation and Integration of Technology in Teaching K-12 in China," which included a focus on Chinese teachers' perspectives of tech and integration.)
3. Is this integration simply for tech’s sake or innovation?
If you haven’t read this blog post by George Couros, do it now please. It’s worth the read. My first two questions indeed lead up to his thoughts, which have fascinating comments and dialogue following.
4. How will you assess your students and not simply your tech integration? What acceptable evidence will you set beforehand during your planning?
This one totally makes sense while I delve into Understanding by Design, Differentiated Instruction, and how the two frameworks can coincide. A tech integration model like SAMR can’t assess a student’s understanding, so acceptable evidence must be decided.
5. Is there research out that already proves non-tech ideas are better than tech-related ones?
Recall any articles about how handwritten notes are better than digital ones? Here’s one, and there’s another. Just Google the debate and research the pros and cons. Now…what other tech-less ways have research behind them? Stay objective, and do keep a balance between pedagogy, technology, and change knowledge.
What other questions would you consider? Let me know, and hopefully we can accumulate a list of at least 19 things to check beforehand. In the words of Luke Neff, “If you put less than 19, then you think surgery is more complicated. More than 19? You think teaching is more complicated. So, shall we say, 19ish items?”
But honestly, don’t be irrational and use tech in your teaching simply because it's cool. It might be better to put on the brakes, slow down, and scrutinize its place. Let the SAMR Model be a possible guide, not your Bible.